Photo of Lei Kang

Lei Kang

Assistant Research Professor


  • Electrical Engineering

301 Electrical Engineering East






Journal Articles

  • Wending Mai, Lei Kang, Ronald Jenkins, Danny Zhu, Chunxu Mao, Pingjuan L Werner, Yifan Chen and Douglas Werner, 2020, "A Knotted Metamolecule with Axisymmetric Strong Optical Activity", Advanced Optical Materials, 8, (23), pp. 2000948
  • Zhi Hao Jiang, Lei Kang, Taiwei Yue, He-Xiu Xu, Yuanjie Yang, Zhongwei Jin, Changyuan Yu, Wei Hong, Douglas Werner and Cheng-Wei Qiu, 2020, "A Single Noninterleaved Metasurface for High-Capacity and Flexible Mode Multiplexing of Higher-Order Poincar\'e Sphere Beams", Advanced Materials, 32, (6), pp. 1903983
  • Mikhail Y Shalaginov, Sawyer Campbell, Sensong An, Yifei Zhang, R\'\ios, Carlos, Eric B Whiting, Yuhao Wu, Lei Kang, Bowen Zheng, Clayton Fowler and others, 2020, "Design for quality: reconfigurable flat optics based on active metasurfaces", Nanophotonics, 1, (ahead-of-print)
  • Yuhao Wu, Lei Kang, Huaguang Bao and Douglas Werner, 2020, "Exploiting Topological Properties of Mie-Resonance-Based Hybrid Metasurfaces for Ultrafast Switching of Light Polarization", ACS Photonics, 7, (9), pp. 2362--2373
  • Nicole R Famularo, Lei Kang, Zehua Li, Tian Zhao, Kenneth Knappenberger, Christine D Keating and Douglas Werner, 2020, "Linear and nonlinear chiroptical response from individual 3D printed plasmonic and dielectric micro-helices", The Journal of Chemical Physics, 153, (15), pp. 154702
  • Eric B Whiting, Sawyer Campbell, Lei Kang and Douglas Werner, 2020, "Meta-atom library generation via an efficient multi-objective shape optimization method", Optics Express, 28, (16), pp. 24229--24242
  • Lingfei Li, Junzhuan Wang, Lei Kang, Wei Liu, Li Yu, Binjie Zheng, Mark L Brongersma, Douglas Werner, Shoufeng Lan, Yi Shi and others, 2020, "Monolithic Full-Stokes Near-Infrared Polarimetry with Chiral Plasmonic Metasurface Integrated Graphene--Silicon Photodetector", ACS nano, 14, (12), pp. 16634--16642
  • Lei Kang, Cheng-Yu Wang, Xuexue Guo, Xingjie Ni, Zhiwen Liu and Douglas Werner, 2020, "Nonlinear chiral meta-mirrors: enabling technology for ultrafast switching of light polarization", Nano letters, 20, (3), pp. 2047--2055
  • Yongzhong Li, Yinpeng Wang, Shutong Qi, Qiang Ren, Lei Kang, Sawyer Campbell, Pingjuan L Werner and Douglas Werner, 2020, "Predicting Scattering From Complex Nano-Structures via Deep Learning", IEEE Access, 8, pp. 139983--139993
  • Wending Mai, Sawyer Campbell, Eric B Whiting, Lei Kang, Pingjuan L Werner, Yifan Chen and Douglas Werner, 2020, "Prismatic discontinuous Galerkin time domain method with an integrated generalized dispersion model for efficient optical metasurface analysis", Optical Materials Express, 10, (10), pp. 2542--2559
  • Lei Kang, Huaguang Bao and Douglas Werner, 2019, "Interference-enhanced optical magnetism in surface high-index resonators: a pathway toward high-performance ultracompact linear and nonlinear meta-optics", Photonics Research, 7, (11), pp. 1296--1305
  • Parivash Moradifar, Lei Kang, Pratibha Mahale, Yunzhi Liu, Nabila N Nova, Andrew Glaid, Thomas E Mallouk, John V Badding, Douglas Werner and Nasim Alem, 2019, "Plasmonic Metalattices: A Correlated Monochromated Electron Energy Loss Study and Theoretical Calculations", Microscopy and Microanalysis, 25, (S2), pp. 678--679
  • Huaguang Bao, Lei Kang, Sawyer Campbell and Douglas Werner, 2019, "PML Implementation in a Nonconforming Mixed-Element DGTD Method for Periodic Structure Analysis", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 67, (11), pp. 6979--6988
  • Zhi Hao Jiang, Lei Kang, Taiwei Yue, Wei Hong and Douglas Werner, 2019, "Wideband transmit arrays based on anisotropic impedance surfaces for circularly polarized single-feed multibeam generation in the Q-Band", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 68, (1), pp. 217--229
  • Shengxiang Wang, Lei Kang and Douglas Werner, 2018, "Active Terahertz Chiral Metamaterials Based on Phase Transition of Vanadium Dioxide (VO 2)", Scientific reports, 8, (1), pp. 189
  • Shengxiang Wang, Guochao Wei, Xiaochuan Wang, Zhengpeng Qin, Yuan Li, Wen Lei, Zhi Hao Jiang, Lei Kang and Douglas Werner, 2018, "Asymmetric transmission based on magnetic resonance coupling in 3D-printed metamaterials", Applied Physics Letters, 113, (8), pp. 081904
  • Yusheng Bian, Qiang Ren, Lei Kang, Taiwei Yue, Pingjuan L Werner and Douglas Werner, 2018, "Deep-subwavelength light transmission in hybrid nanowire-loaded silicon nano-rib waveguides", Photonics Research, 6, (1), pp. 37--45
  • Zhi Hao Jiang, Lei Kang, Wei Hong and Douglas Werner, 2018, "Highly efficient broadband multiplexed millimeter-wave vortices from metasurface-enabled transmit-arrays of subwavelength thickness", Physical Review Applied, 9, (6), pp. 064009
  • Yusheng Bian, Lei Kang, Qiang Ren, Yuanxia Zheng, Roman Engel-Herbert, Pingjuan L Werner, Douglas Werner, Ajey P Jacob and Abu Thomas, 2018, "Hybrid vanadate waveguiding configurations for extreme optical confinement and efficient polarization management in the near-infrared", Nanoscale, 10, (35), pp. 16667--16674
  • Rui Feng, Jianjia Yi, Shah Nawaz Burokur, Lei Kang, Hailin Zhang and Douglas Werner, 2018, "Orbital angular momentum generation method based on transformation electromagnetics", Optics express, 26, (9), pp. 11708--11717
  • Yingfan Meng, Jianjia Yi, Shah Nawaz Burokur, Lei Kang, Hailin Zhang and Douglas Werner, 2018, "Phase-modulation based transmitarray convergence lens for vortex wave carrying orbital angular momentum", Optics express, 26, (17), pp. 22019--22029
  • Xin Wang, Ziting Wang, Licheng Bai, Huaiyu Wang, Lei Kang, Douglas Werner, Ming Xu, Bo Li, Jia Li and Xue-Feng Yu, 2018, "Vivid structural colors from long-range ordered and carbon-integrated colloidal photonic crystals", Optics express, 26, (21), pp. 27001--27013
  • yusheng Bian, Lei Kang and Qiang Ren, 2017, "Efficient Cross-talk Reduction of Nanophotonic Circuits Enabled by Fabrication Friendly Periodic Silicon Strip Arrays", Scientific reports, 7, pp. 9
  • Lei Kang, Sean P Rodrigues and Mohammad Taghinejad, 2017, "Preserving Spin States upon Reflection: Linear and Nonlinear Responses of a Chiral Meta-Mirror", Nano Letters, 17, pp. 8
  • qiang Ren, yusheng bian and Lei Kang, 2017, "Leap-Frog Continuous–Discontinuous Galerkin Time Domain Method for Nanoarchitectures With the Drude Model", JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY, 35, pp. 9
  • zhihao jiang, Lei Kang and Douglas Werner, 2017, "Conformal metasurface-coated dielectric waveguides for highly confined broadband optical activity with simultaneous low-visibility and reduced crosstalk", Nature communications, 8, pp. 10
  • shengxiang wang, Lei Kang and Douglas Werner, 2017, "Hybrid Resonators and Highly Tunable Terahertz Metamaterials Enabled by Vanadium Dioxide (VO2)", Scientific Reports, 7, pp. 8
  • Qiang Ren, Jogender Nagar and Lei Kang, 2017, "Efficient Wideband Numerical Simulations for Nanostructures Employing a Drude-Critical Points (DCP) Dispersive Model", Scientific Reports, 7, pp. 10
  • lei kang, Qiang Ren and douglas werner, 2017, "Leveraging Superchiral Light for Manipulation of Optical Chirality in the Near-Field of Plasmonic Metamaterials", ACS Photonics, 4, pp. 8
  • Sarah J Boehm, Lei Kang, Douglas Werner and Christine D Keating, 2016, "Field-Switchable Broadband Polarizer Based on Reconfigurable Nanowire Assemblies", Advanced functional materials, 27, pp. 8
  • liu liu, Lei Kang, Theresa S Mayer and Douglas Werner, 2016, "Hybrid metamaterials for electrically triggered multifunctional control", NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 7, pp. 8

Research Projects

Honors and Awards


Service to Penn State:

Service to External Organizations:




The School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science was created in the spring of 2015 to allow greater access to courses offered by both departments for undergraduate and graduate students in exciting collaborative research fields.

We offer B.S. degrees in electrical engineering, computer science, computer engineering and data science and graduate degrees (master's degrees and Ph.D.'s) in electrical engineering and computer science and engineering. EECS focuses on the convergence of technologies and disciplines to meet today’s industrial demands.

School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

The Pennsylvania State University

207 Electrical Engineering West

University Park, PA 16802


Department of Computer Science and Engineering


Department of Electrical Engineering